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Tuesday, April 14, 2020 | History

2 edition of Social consequences of structural and technological changes in the petroleum industry found in the catalog.

Social consequences of structural and technological changes in the petroleum industry

International Labour Office.

Social consequences of structural and technological changes in the petroleum industry

  • 206 Want to read
  • 13 Currently reading

Published in Geneva .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Petroleum workers.,
  • Petroleum industry and trade.

  • Edition Notes

    Statement[prepared for the Petroleum Committee] Second item on the agenda.
    ContributionsInternational Labour Organisation. Petroleum Committee
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsHD8039.P4 I49
    The Physical Object
    Paginationii, 128 p.
    Number of Pages128
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL5293918M
    LC Control Number72016740
    OCLC/WorldCa2678792

      R.J. Clews, in Project Finance for the International Petroleum Industry, 1 Scope of the book. The petroleum industry is enormous and its activities extend over all regions of the world. Given the wide ranging nature of this industry, it is important to define the scope of activities which this book is concerned with. creating structural change Oil Search – Structural Change in Oil and Gas 4 OPEC is no longer the swing producer: Historically OPEC has balanced the oil market, by cutting production in response to demand events Saudi Arabia and others have low production costs and spare production capacity to respond to supply crises.


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Social consequences of structural and technological changes in the petroleum industry by International Labour Office. Download PDF EPUB FB2

This book presents the latest research perspectives on how the Industry paradigm is challenging the process of technological and structural. Challenges and Opportunities in the Petroleum Industry and the Role of the WPC Pierce Riemer, Director General, World Petroleum Council.

The World Petroleum Council (WPC) is a non-political, not for profit, registered charity with the mission of promoting the sustainable exploration, production and consumption of oil and natural gas and other sources of energy for the benefit. Petroleum geologists broadly classify traps into three categories that are based on their geological characteristics: the structural trap, the stratigraphic trap and the combination trap.

1-Structural traps Fold (structural) trap Fault (structural) trap Structural traps are formed as a result of changes in the structure of the subsurface due. 1) INTRODUCTION ) The Oil and Natural Gas Value Chain 2) PETROLEUM INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 3) THE AMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTE CLASSIFICATION OF THE PETROLEUM INDUSTRY ) UPSTREAM OIL AND GAS.

This book contains a series of interpretive essays on the most dramatic aspects of American economic growth during the last century--the sweeping technological and organizational changes in manufacturing and agriculture and their profound economic and social consequences.

Past, Present, & Future of Petroleum Petroleum has played an important role in the social, economic, and political history of the United States and the world. Since the nineteenth century, the United States has been using petroleum as a source of energy production. We have encountered major energy crises in, and File Size: KB.

The Oil and Gas Industry. The social and economic effects of energy-producing facilities have been studied extensively. Extractive industries, such as mining and oil and gas drilling, have historically occurred in rural areas with few nearby towns.

Petroleum is a naturally occurring liquid oil normally found in deposits beneath the surface of the earth. It is a type of oil composed of rock minerals, making it different from other kinds of oils that come from plants and animals (such as vegetable oil, animal fat, or essential oils).The word petroleum comes from the Latin words petra (rock) and oleum (oil), and so literally means rock.

From the popular saying, “change is the only constant thing in nature”, the petroleum industry has had its fair share of structural and organizational changes over the past years, which has resulted in the industry having the state-owned companies, five supermajors, over a dozen large independents (e.g Amerada Hess, Marathon etc) and small.

The Oil and Gas Industry Overview and Trends NRGI Reader April This reader is intended for use in conjunction with the Natural Resource Charter. Refining What comes out of the ground is not often a form of petroleum that can be used right away.

For it to be the fuel that can go into a car or converted into plastics, it must go through a. This book contains a series of interpretive essays on the most dramatic aspects of American economic growth during the last century--the sweeping technological and organizational changes in manufacturing and agriculture and their profound economic and social consequences.

The overall focus is the maturing of the American economy from a classic market economy, based. Industrialisation (or industrialization) is the period of social and economic change that transforms a human group from an agrarian society into an industrial society, involving the extensive re-organisation of an economy for the purpose of manufacturing.

As industrial workers' incomes rise, markets for consumer goods and services of all kinds tend to expand and provide a. This include some history of the petroleum industry. Industry statistics (consumption, demand, import, and export).

Raw material of petroleum. Mass balance, Energy used and intensity. And the Separation Processes and Chemical Conversion used in refining petroleum. There are some environmental and social issues regarding petroleum that are.

(ACCC) closely monitor the industry, and consumers worry that companies are colluding. While the above features of the industry are likely to persist into the foreseeable future, structural changes in global crude oil markets, as well as in Australia’s wholesale and retail petrol markets, pose new challenges and Size: 3MB.

technological changes for extraction, transportation and refining. The increasing demand of light petroleum products with less sulphur content globally has reduced the value of lower API crude (heavy crude).

This is because heavy crude generally has high sulphur content and needs more conversion capacity to produce a certain yield of light. In this paper we will attempt to place the social consequences of the modern oil industry in perspective with its historical development.

Section 1: OPEC’s Roots, History and Development Before the discovery of oil in the Middle East, Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait were all poor undeveloped countries. Search Tips. Phrase Searching You can use double quotes to search for a series of words in a particular order.

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Without limitations on the language or length, many authors greatly approve of our fast and efficient publishing services. Social Impact Assessments (SIAs) can be developed at any stage in a project to propose measures to mitigate potential adverse social impacts and enhance positive social impacts.

This paper describes guidance developed on how to make the best use of SIAs in oil and gas by: 8. Peak oil is the point in time when the maximum rate of global petroleum production is reached, after which the rate of production enters its terminal decline. If global consumption is not mitigated before the peak, an energy crisis may develop because the availability of conventional oil will drop and prices will rise, perhaps dramatically.

Many people think social problems can be resolved through technological fix: a social engineer might approach a water shortage by asking people to use less water a technologist would develop new technologies to increase water the water supply.

R.J. Clews, in Project Finance for the International Petroleum Industry, Social Impacts. Projects also have a significant impact on the social characteristics in the locality of the project.

There has been a growing awareness of the impacts projects have on affected societies and, as a result, the assessment and management of social impacts has taken on greater significance.

(source: Nielsen Book Data) Summary This important book provides a comprehensive analysis of technological change and environmental policy within the oil and gas industries. It identifies and measures the impact of technological change, both in market and environmental output sectors and takes steps to identify key causal : Managi, Shunsuke.

Changing Use of Space in Kern County: The petroleum industry is the leading employer in Kern County, Calif., home of Bakersfield and the No. 1 crude-oil–producing county in the U.S. The industrial market has added 3, square feet of new inventory, of which 3, square feet were build-to-suit square feet speculative.

The industry itself is all too aware of the extent of the problem – and seems to recognize the role it must play in fixing it. “The industry as a whole will need to address the serious trust challenges created by the failures of the worst among its ranks,” industry experts and academics from the Global Agenda Council on the Future of Oil and Gas wrote in a.

3 Steps to Better Crisis Management in the Oil & Gas Industry. Oil spills and their consequences for the environment, controversial practices such as fracking or just fluctuations in the price of crude oil– there are many topics with a high potential to turn into crises for companies in the petroleum industry.

in the price of crude. “Engineering is a field that has a huge social impact,” he said, “and by making the human rights minor available to our engineering students, they can now consider these impacts in depth and objectively.” MacKay and Hertel’s class is one of several in the new track; others focus on supply chains, sustainable business, sustainable.

The nationalization of oil supplies refers to the process of confiscation of oil production operations and private property, generally in the purpose of obtaining more revenue from oil for oil-producing countries' governments.

This process, which should not be confused with restrictions on crude oil exports, represents a significant turning point in the development of oil policy. Social Capital, Structural Holes and the Formation of an Industry Network.

Gordon Walker, Network structure indicates both where social capital is distributed in the industry and where opportunities for entrepreneurial action are located.

The reproduction of network structure depends on how startups value social capital compared to these Cited by: The structure of China’s oil industry: Past trends and future prospects 3 1. Introduction China is now the world’s largest oil consumer and importer.

While this gives the country significant clout in the global oil market, its weight is compounded by the fact that in it was also the world’s. 30 Industrial Development for the 21st Century 2.

Knowledge, technology, and growth in long-term perspective Long-term trends One of the best. The Social Construction of Technology: Structural Considerations Hans K.

Klein Georgia Institute of Technology social group (the actor and innovation aspect)” (Bijker). the industry groups’technological frame for explaining the final artifact. Impact of New Technology on the U.

Petroleum Industry [National Petroleum Council] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Impact of New Technology on the U.

Petroleum Industry Author: National Petroleum Council. Logical, lucid, and direct, Technological Slavery radically reinvigorates and reforms the intellectual foundations of an age-old and resurgent world-view: "Progress" is a myth.

Wild nature and humanity are fundamentally incompatible with technological growth. In Technological Slavery, Kaczynski argues that: (i) the unfolding human and environmental crises are the direct, /5(27).

Suggested Citation: "The Changing Place of Japan in the Global Scientific and Technological Enterprise." National Research Council. Japan's Growing Technological Capability: Implications for the U.S. Economy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

doi: / During the past 20 years, Japan's role within the global network. Vision – Global scenarios for the oil and gas industry 5 How to read the study Few areas of the economy are as volatile – literally and figuratively – as the oil and gas sector. The multiplicity of factors that influence the directions of the petroleum production chain is huge, making the task of preparing strategies and action plans.

This book examines the nature of social innovation processes which determine the economic and social performance of nations, regions, industrial sectors and organizations.

Social Innovations: Structural and Power Perspectives Risto Heiskala. Monograph Chapter Social Innovations: Structural and Power PerspectivesCited by: Second Industrial Revolution also known as the Technological Revolution, was a phase of the larger Industrial Revolution corresponding to the latter half of the 19th century until World War I.

It is considered to have begun with Bessemer steel in the s and culminated in mass production and the production line. CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY IN THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY: THE IMPORTANCE OF REPUTATIONAL RISK DAVID B.

SPENCE* INTRODUCTION The Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico has unders-cored, once again, the magnitude of the risks assumed by those engaged in (and affected by) oil and gas development. Petroleum industry in India has been depending too much on foreign countries for the supply of petroleum crude and machineries.

Total consumption of petroleum crude has increased to million tonnes in as against the total production of petroleum crude of million tonnes. The evaluation of PEST Analysis involves the Political, the Economic, the Social – Culture and the Technological environment in which an oil and gas company operates.

Political Factors. The threats for the business of oil and gas companies which are influenced by political factor and decisions are many, the main of them are.ECOLOGY AND ECONOMICS RESEARCH DEPARTMENT THE ECONOMIC & SOCIAL IMPACTS OF OIL AND GAS DEVELOPMENT May 5, I.

PURPOSE This brief is submitted as part of the NEPA process for this public land oil and gas development proposal. It is intended to identify some of the issues that must be analyzed as part of the NEPA process and.U.S., EUROPE, JAPAN PETROLEUM STOCKS AND CRUDE OIL PRICE 30 60 90 WTI WTI US$/bbl Thousand barrels.

11 Source: IEA CONTRIBUTIONS TO OIL AND LIQUIDS DEMAND AND SUPPLY GROWTH-2, 0 Industry 35% Residential, Services and Agriculture 40% Transport 30% Industry 30% Residential, Services and Agriculture 40% .